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Ramapithecus therefore is no longer considered a hominid.The field of science which studies the human fossil record is known as paleoanthropology.Identifying the earliest member of the human tribe (Hominini) is difficult because the predecessors of modern humans are increasingly apelike as the fossil record is followed back through time.They resemble what would be expected in the common ancestor of humans and apes in that they possess a mix of human and , is humanlike in having small canine teeth and a face that does not project very far.

However, these discoveries have been so controversial as to require even major publications begin acknowledging, first in 2001 after the discovery of O.The word "hominid" in this website refers to members of the family of humans, Hominidae, which consists of all species on our side of the last common ancestor of humans and living apes.Hominids are included in the superfamily of all apes, the Hominoidea, the members of which are called hominoids.A well-preserved toe bone shows the characteristically bipedal feature of a base designed for hyperextension while walking, and bony protrusions that serve as muscle-attachment sites on the pelvis are similar to those found in more advanced hominins.Interestingly, ; most conspicuous is a thickening of tooth enamel that becomes characteristic of all later hominins.

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